Vol. 29, No. 2 (2009)
Publication date: 2010-11-23
Number of articles: 10
Célébrons la musicologie francophone - PDF through Erudit
De l’ubiquité poïétique dans l’oeuvre de Iannis Xenakis — Espace, Temps, Musique, Architecture - PDF through Erudit
In both fields of his creative activity, music and architecture, Iannis Xenakis appears to have used sometimes identical concepts. The purpose of this paper is to inquire into the way Xenakis elaborated links between both areas: is it a pure ubiquity of the same poietical principle or rather a transfer of a genuine concept of a field to another where it is heterogeneous and totally new? Studying the connections of contemporary works as Metastasis and Couvent de la Tourette, two main principles appear as ubiquitous in both works: the use of permutations and the construction of a proportional system in spatial and temporal dimensions. On the other hand, Metastasis’ glissandi and the Philips Pavilion’s hyperbolic paraboloids, which show up Xenakis’ interest for continuous phenomena, are a matter of transfer and present noticeable perceptual differences from a field to another. Xenakis finally melted both spatial and temporal dimensions in the « sound cinematic » he elaborated in either electroacoustical and instrumental music in the sixties and seventies. In Persephassa and Windungen, emblematic examples of this cinematic, sound speed in space appears as a new compositional parameter.
Aspects de l’ethos musical dans l’antiquité grecque - PDF through Erudit
Studies relating to the notion of musical ethos in Antiquity, while plentiful in number, have suffered from a piecemeal approach that pervades them. The result is that musical ethos is often ignored for being poorly understood. The goal of this article is to examine the discourse surrounding the study of musical ethos; it proposes that the absence of musicological interest in the subject has been caused by the structure of ancient knowledge itself, which could be characterized today as interdisciplinary. This interdisciplinary aspect leads the researcher to adopt an epistemological stance that implies a return to primary sources, and as such to the study of ancient languages and nonmusicological sources.
Euler et les réseaux harmoniques - PDF through Erudit
In this article, the author shows that the Tentamen of Leonhard Euler (1707–1783) presents an arithmetic and musical solution to the problems raised by Leibniz in letter to Christian Goldbach of April 17 1712, and that, contrary to a widely held belief, its musical typology (genus musicum) was taken up and developed by subsequent music theorists and composers. First among these was the physician Adriaan Fokker (1887–1972), who introduced many Dutch composers to Euler’s theories; he was followed by the American school, whose members, Harry Partch (1901–1974), Ervin Wilson (b. 1928) and Ben Johnston (b. 1926), have pursued the development of these theories in their experiments in just intonation and the realm of non-tempered scales.
Enseignement à distance de la musique ou l’e-learning musical - PDF through Erudit
Musical e-learning is nowadays possible since the development of the technologies as the standard MIDI, which allow communication between computers and musical instruments, Internet, Web and multimedia tools. All those components combined together help to produce musical courses on CDs, which can be brought after on Internet or Intranet of musical institutions. This progress in musical education can be observed all over the world and we will see in this article various examples of musical’s e-learning which as been applied in schools in France and Canada.
Samba : entre musique, danse et carnaval - PDF through Erudit
Through a historical perspective, this article aims toward a synthesis of theories relating to a genre of music and dance that is one of the most representative of Brazilian culture: samba. The reader will find reflections about one of the myths of samba’s origin as well as about the creation of the samba schools and their gradual introduction into the Carnival and into the heart of Brazil.